As defined in Penn’s Policy, sexual violence is a term that identifies a range of behaviors in which an act of a sexual nature is perpetrated against an individual without consent or when an individual is unable to give consent. There are other types of gender-based misconduct such as harassment, dating violence, stalking, invasion of privacy, etc. that are not physical acts of sexual violence but are also prohibited by law and University policy.
Sexual violence may be committed by:
- Physical force, violence, or threats.
- Coercion or intimidation.
- Ignoring the objections of another person.
- Causing another person’s intoxication or impairment with alcohol or drugs.
- Taking advantage of another person’s intoxication, incapacitation, unconsciousness, state of intimidation, helplessness, or other inability to consent.
Examples of sexual violence include, but are not limited to:
- The unwanted touching or attempted touching of a person’s breast/chest, buttocks, inner thighs, or genitalia.
- Forced penetration of another person’s oral, anal or genital opening with a body part or any object.
- Unwanted kissing.
- Refusing to use a condom or restricting someone’s access to birth control.
- Keeping someone from protecting themselves from sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
- Sexual contact with someone who is incapacitated or otherwise unable to give informed consent.
- Threatening someone into unwanted sexual activity.
- Repeatedly pressuring someone to have sex or perform sexual acts.
- Consent is an affirmative decision to engage in mutually agreed upon sexual activity and is given by clear words or actions.
- Consent may not be inferred from silence, passivity, or lack of resistance alone.
- Consent to one form of sexual activity does not imply consent to other forms of sexual activity and the existence of a current or previous dating, marital, and/or sexual relationship is not sufficient to constitute consent to additional sexual activity.
- Assent shall not constitute consent if it is given by a person who, because of youth, disability, intoxication or other condition, is unable to lawfully give his or her consent.
A student’s own use of alcohol and/or drugs does not automatically eliminate their responsibility to obtain consent. During an investigation related to sexual violence, it is likely that the context and circumstances will be taken into account in order to determine whether consent was provided.
What to do
Our primary goal is to empower those who experience sexual assault to make the decisions that are best for them. Below is a brief outline of steps a Penn student may choose to take immediately after experiencing sexual violence. If possible, find a safe place away from the perpetrator or from any other potential danger.
- Contact the confidential Special Services Unit in the Division of Public Safety by calling Penn Police at 215.898.6600 and asking to speak with Special Services. The Penn Police will connect victims with an advocate from Special Services who can talk about all of the reporting options, and can accompany students through the process of receiving a medical exam.
- If necessary, seek medical attention as soon as possible. The Philadelphia Sexual Assault Response Center (PSARC) provides forensic rape examinations to victims of sexual assault. Students who wish to pursue legal action or who may want to pursue legal action in the future, are encouraged to receive this examination. PSARC can also check for internal injuries, provide medication for sexually transmitted infections, and discuss options for HIV and pregnancy prevention. Students can be transported there by Special Services.
- Seek additional support. You may choose to contact a confidential resource prior to, or during, the steps above. This is a valid choice, and there are several options on Penn’s campus that can assist you with navigating your options, including Penn Violence Prevention, the Penn Women’s Center and Counseling & Psychological Services.